General information on Periodontitis
Periodontitis is a disease that causes inflammation around the structures if the teeth including the gums, the outer layer of the tooth root, the periodontal ligament between the tooth root and the bone and the bone around the root of the tooth that is called the alveolar bone.
Plaque builds up around the tooth usually over years and it is made up of food debris, saliva components bacteria and epithelial cells. The bacteria will cause inflammation of the gums and then spreads to the tissue around the teeth and tooth sockets. This is called periodontitis. If this is not treated, the dogs teeth become loose and can fall out.
Symptoms of Periodontitis
Symptoms of Periodontitis happen slowly over time. The initial signs will be plaque deposits, red swollen gums. Later your dog may have bad breath, tarter, loose teeth and tooth loss. In time it will be painful for your dog to eat. Fever and depression may also be evident, especially if the dog develops an abscessed tooth.
Treatments for Periodontitis
Cleaning the dogs teeth at least twice a week is a good preventative measure. Avoiding a soft diet by feeding your dog dry fibrous dog food and biscuits. Have your vet check your dogs teeth periodically and have them cleaned, scaled and polished if needed.
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Remember, this information is for reference only. Always contact your vet or pet profesional for advice.
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