General information on Meningitis
Meningitis, also known as steroid responsive meningitis, is a bacterial infection of the central nervous system. The central nervous system consists of the brain and the spinal cord. Meningitis quite literally means the inflammation of the meninges. The meninges is the outer layer covering the central nervous system. In dogs, meningitis is typically caused by bite wounds around the head and the neck that are infected. The bacterial infection travels to the brain from the nasal passages, sinuses, or the middle ears. Steroid responsive meningitis is known as such due to the fact that meningitis affects many of the arteries throughout the entire body. Meningitis typically affects young adult dogs. Meningitis can be acute or chronic. Although, meningitis is not fully understood, it is thought to be autoimmune due to the fact that it is responsive to steroid treatments.
Symptoms of Meningitis
Some of the symptoms of meningitis may be stiff neck, sensitivity to touch, fever, reduced mobility (caused by stiff joints), lethargy, muscle pain, and muscle weakness.
Treatments for Meningitis
The treatment for meningitis is corticosteroids. The corticosteroids reduce the inflammation and swelling in the brain as well as throughout the entire body. The corticosteroid treatment takes place over an extended period of time to ensure that the condition is well under control.
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