General information on Cryptorchidism
Cryptorchidism, also known as undescended testicles, is a condition in which one or both of the testicles have not descended into the scrotum. Typically, the testicles of a dog descend around seven weeks of age, but may take as long as six months for the testicles to descend. Typically, if the testicles are not descended by twelve weeks, they never will. It is not uncommon for while the puppy is excited, playing, or cold for the testicles to retract out of the scrotum, but this does not mean that the puppy is affected by cryptorchidism. Should either only one or neither of the testicles descend, the dog is referred to as being a cryptorchid. Should only one of the testicles descend, the dog can be referred to a being a monorchid. A dog in which neither testicle has descended, the dog is infertile. A dog in which only one testicle has descended may or may not be fertile, but should not be used for breeding due to the fact that it is thought that cryptorchidism may be genetic. There are very few symptoms from cryptorchidism. Affected dogs have normal growth and behavior.
Symptoms of Cryptorchidism
Some of the symptoms of cryptorchidism may be: either one or both of the testicles has not descended by six months of age.
Treatments for Cryptorchidism
The treatment for cryptorchidism can vary. The most recommended form of treatment is for the affected dog to be neutered, which is more complex than a typical neutering due to the fact that the performing veterinarian must seek out the testicles to remove them. Neutering is the recommended form of treatment due to the fact that dogs affected by cryptorchidism should not be bred and these dogs have a higher risk for testicular cancer and other testicular diseases. Another form of treatment that is quite objectionable is hormone injections that are used to stimulate the testicles to descend. This is questionable due to the fact that the hormone injection may or may not work, and it is said that in most cases in which the injections do work that the testicles would have descended on its own. The other reason is that this form of treatment is objectionable is due to the fact that cryptorchidism is genetic, so the affected dogs should be neutered.
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