General information on Ulcerative Keratitis
Ulcerative keratitis is the inflammation of the cornea as a result of keratoconjunctivitis sicca or due to corneal ulcers. The cornea is a thin layer on the eye that is extremely sensitive to both internal and external stimuli and irritants. The inflammation and ulceration of the cornea starts from the external area of the cornea and progressively worsens making its way toward the internal area of the cornea in ulcerative keratitis. The deeper the ulcer, the more damaging it is for the vision. Some of the causes of ulcerative keratitis include infections, injury, corneal weakness, and nutrient deficiencies. It is important to treat ulcerative keratitis as soon as possible due to the fact that it does lead to blindness.
Symptoms of Ulcerative Keratitis
Some of the symptoms for ulcerative keratitis may be: progressively dulling in a cloudy appearance of the cornea, pain, sensitivity to lights, and worsening vision.
Treatments for Ulcerative Keratitis
The treatment for ulcerative keratitis varies on the severity of the case. Due to the fact that ulcerative keratitis is painful, pain medications are administered first. Antibiotics may be injected into the eye or surgery may be required. Should surgery be required, the third eyelid is sutured shut while the eye is healing. In other instances, a veterinarian may recommend different forms of contact lenses to protect the cornea during the healing process. In some cases, while the eye is healing, the eye may rupture. Should this happen, it is imperative to seek immediate veterinary assistance and surgery will most likely be required.
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