General information on Interstitial Keratitis
Interstitial keratitis, also known as blue eye or parenchymatous keratitis, is the chronic inflammation of the cornea in which a blue/white film forms over the cornea. The main cause of interstitial keratitis is canine adenovirus 1 (CAV 1), the same virus that causes infectious hepatitis. The virus is typically obtained when the dog ingests saliva, feces, or urine from an affected dog. Some of the other causes of interstitial keratitis are malignant catarrhal fever, mycoses, and septicemias. The symptoms of interstitial keratitis usually appear with ten days after the initial exposure to the virus. The symptoms may be mild to severe. Interstitial keratitis may develop in one or both eyes. In most cases of interstitial keratitis, the affected dog completely recovers within a few weeks. In some cases of interstitial keratitis, the cloudy appearance over the cornea remains permanent. This typically occurs when treatment is not administered promptly or is not given at all.
Symptoms of Interstitial Keratitis
Some of the symptoms of interstitial keratitis may be: inflammation of the cornea, development of a blue/white film over the cornea, watery eyes, mild fever, sensitivity to light, squinting, development of small blood vessels in the eye, loss of vision, glaucoma, and scarring.
Treatments for Interstitial Keratitis
The treatment for interstitial keratitis may include topical antibiotics and topical steroids. In some cases, oral antibiotics and steroids may be required. Atropine may be prescribed by a veterinarian to help reduce the pain and to dilate the pupils. The treatment may take several weeks.
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