General information on Hydrocephalus
Hydrocephalus is a neurological condition in which the ventricles of the brain become enlarged causing damage to the cerebral cortex. Hydrocephalus causes an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain which then cause the cerebral cortex to be compressed against the skull. Some of the causes of hydrocephalus include injury, infections, tumors, and congenital causes. In cases of hydrocephalus that are congenital, the enlargement characteristics may not be noticed until the affected dog is several months old. In some cases of hydrocephalus, the condition is considered to be subclinical, in which case the condition presents with no clinical signs. Subclinical hydrocephalus in most commonly seen in toy breeds. A dog can become affected by hydrocephalus at any age and affects both males and females equally. Should the condition be diagnosed and treated prior to any brain damage, the prognosis is good.
Symptoms of Hydrocephalus
Some of the symptoms of hydrocephalus may be: partial or complete blindness, dementia, seizures, crying out, behavioral changes, dullness, hyperexciment, coma, difficulty walking, circling, head tilt, limited learning abilities, and abnormal eye movements.
Treatments for Hydrocephalus
The treatment for hydrocephalus is to decrease the cerebrospinal fluid production. This is done with diuretics and corticosteroids. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary.
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Hydrocephalus - personal experiences
Hydrocephalus experience by - Dixie
I bought a Pom puppy from a local breeder. I had her for 3 weeks everything was fine till one day she started having trouble walking and was spinning in circles till she would collapse. I took her to the vet they told me her fontanels did not close that basically she has a whole in her skull. She is on steroids and diuretic. This is week two she is a lot better. She has to be monitored when she is playing to try I avoid her head getting hit. She is walking a lot better but is still weak in her front right leg. I am hopeful she regains her strength soon.
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